The Role of The Thyroid
The role of the thyroid in maintaining overall health is immense. It is responsible for producing hormones that regulate our metabolism, energy levels, and vital body functions. Unfortunately, millions of people worldwide suffer from thyroid disorders, such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, which can lead to various health issues. While medical treatments and lifestyle changes are essential for managing thyroid conditions, certain supplements have shown promise in supporting thyroid function and overall well-being. In this blog post, I’ll dive into some of the supplements that may help support thyroid health.
Here Are The 11 Supplements for Thyroid Support:
One of the essential elements for optimal thyroid function is iodine. The thyroid gland needs iodine to produce thyroid hormones. Hypothyroidism, often caused by iodine deficiency, can be improved by supplementing with this mineral. *However, it is crucial to consult with a healthcare professional before taking iodine supplements because excessive intake can have adverse effects. Levels can be checked in bloodwork.
This trace mineral helps with the conversion of thyroid hormones. It is a component of enzymes that convert the inactive thyroid hormone T4 into the active form, T3. Selenium’s antioxidant properties also protect the thyroid gland from damage caused by oxidative stress. Adequate selenium intake has been associated with a reduced risk of thyroid disorders, making it an essential supplement for thyroid support. This can be taken in supplement form or by eating two Brazil nuts per day. If you’re supplementing, take no more than 200 mcg/day.
Zinc is another mineral vital for thyroid function. It helps convert T4 to T3 and aids in the proper functioning of thyroid receptors. Zinc supports the immune system, is helpful for individuals with autoimmune thyroid conditions.
4. Vitamin D
Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to various health problems, including thyroid disorders. Research suggests that adequate levels of vitamin D are associated with a decreased risk of developing autoimmune thyroid conditions. Sun exposure and dietary sources might not always be sufficient, making vitamin D supplements a helpful addition to a thyroid support regimen. Vitamin D depletes magnesium, this should be supplemented as well. Your goal level is 50-70.
5. Vitamin B Complex
B vitamins are essential for overall health and well-being, including thyroid function. Vitamins B2, B3, B6, and B12 play a role in metabolism, energy production, and hormone regulation, making them valuable for individuals with thyroid issues. A vitamin B complex supplement can ensure an adequate intake of all these essential nutrients.
An adaptogenic herb widely used in traditional medicine, ashwagandha has gained popularity for its potential benefits in supporting thyroid health. It may help balance hormone levels and reduce stress, which can be beneficial for individuals with hyperthyroidism. As always, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional before adding herbal supplements to your routine.
L-Tyrosine is an amino acid that serves as a building block for thyroid hormones. It may be beneficial for individuals with hypothyroidism, as it helps in the production of T4 and T3. However, people with hyperthyroidism or those taking thyroid medications should be cautious with L-Tyrosine supplements, as it can exacerbate their condition.
8. Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Omega-3 fatty acids, commonly found in fish oil supplements, have anti-inflammatory properties that can benefit individuals with autoimmune thyroid conditions. They may help reduce inflammation and support immune system function, potentially alleviating symptoms and promoting overall thyroid health.
The gut and thyroid are closely connected, and maintaining a healthy gut microbiome is essential for optimal thyroid function. Probiotic supplements can support gut health, potentially improving nutrient absorption and aiding in the proper conversion of thyroid hormones.
Magnesium is involved in hundreds of biochemical reactions in the body, including those related to thyroid function. It supports enzyme activity and contributes to the production and use of thyroid hormones. Additionally, magnesium’s calming properties may help reduce stress and promote relaxation, which is beneficial for individuals with thyroid conditions.
Iron is a vital part of several enzymes involved in the synthesis of thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones, thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), are synthesized by the thyroid gland and are essential for regulating metabolism and various physiological processes in the body. Iron is necessary for the activity of the enzyme thyroid peroxidase (TPO), which is responsible for incorporating iodine molecules into the amino acid tyrosine, a critical step in thyroid hormone synthesis. If you are anemic (history of heavy or frequent periods), you may need iron supplementation. The lab to check is ferritin and most physicians don’t do this unless you specifically request it! *DO NOT SUPPLEMENT IRON UNLESS YOU HAVE HAD AN IRON PANEL INCLUDING FERRITIN. IRON TOXICITY IS DANGEROUS!
If you suspect you have a thyroid disorder or are already undergoing treatment, always consult with a qualified healthcare provider before adding any supplements to your regimen.
The foundation of thyroid health includes good nutrition, regular exercise, stress management, and adequate sleep. These cannot be overlooked. A holistic approach that combines these lifestyle factors with appropriate supplementation can help you achieve better thyroid function and overall well-being.
Dr. Anna Garrett is a menopause expert and Doctor of Pharmacy. She helps women who are struggling with symptoms of perimenopause and menopause find natural hormone-balancing solutions so they can rock their mojo through midlife and beyond. Dr. Anna is the author of Perimenopause: The Savvy Sister’s Guide to Hormone Harmony. Order your copy at www.perimenopausebook.com.
Dr. Anna is available for 1-1 consultation. Find out more at www.drannagarrett.com/lets-talk